Value of canadian coins

Of course, not every old penny is worth just a few cents! Consider the famous 1909-S V.D.B. cent, which is worth between $750 and $2,500, based on condition. Why is that piece so expensive? Only 484,000 were made, and millions of coin collectors want one. Those 5- and 10-cent value Lincoln wheat cents, on the other hand, were made by the millions.Sep 14, 2021 · From 1870 to 1901, Canadian coins bore the portrait of Queen Victoria. Common date 1870-1901 Canadian quarters are worth from $50 to $100 in moderately circulated condition. The most valuable Canadian Victorian quarters in circulated (XF40) condition are the 1875-H ($4,400), 1889 ($2,100), and 1880-H "Wide 0" ($1,950). Very few of these coins exist, perhaps only five. They are currently valued from $144,500 to $245,000. 1921 50-Cent Piece Known as the "king of Canadian coins," this 50-cent piece is so rare that there may only be about 50-100 in circulation. A large number of these coins were minted in 1921, but very few entered circulation.Shop Canada's biggest bookstore! Find bestselling books, toys, fashion, home décor, stationery, electronics & so much more! Plus, free shipping and pickup in store on eligible orders.Drag and drop each keyword next to its definition.. Nickel - 5 Cents, Dime - 10 Cents, Quarter - 25 Cents, Loonie - $1.00, Toonie - $2.00.IRCTC Next Generation eTicketing System...10xCanada silver dollars 2x1950SWL 4x1951SWL 2x1952SWL 2x1952NWL. EF-AU+. CA $360.00. Add to Cart. Add to Wishlist.This coin is perhaps one of the rarest coins that went into circulation. By the time the new 1948 dies were created, production was only able to make 18,780 coins. These coins can be found at auction and usually sell between $1,000 and $20,000, depending on the grade. On April 30, 2002, a 1948 silver dollar sold for $58,800 CAD at an auction.Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] episode of the flash Most significantly, in 1964 … No Canadian 1 cent or 50 cent coins were minted in 1889, and the 5, 10 and 25 cents are all scarce No Canadian 1 cent or 50 cent coins were minted in 1889, and the 5, 10 and 25 cents are all scarce. ... Its Value 1944 pennies minted at the San Francisco mint have the mintmark "S" under the date This is ...15. hr. min. sec. SmartScore. out of 100. IXL's SmartScore is a dynamic measure of progress towards mastery, rather than a percentage grade. It tracks your skill level as you tackle progressively more difficult questions. Consistently answer questions correctly to reach excellence (90), or conquer the Challenge Zone to achieve mastery (100)!Gold $1,619.34 (-10.59) Silver $18.09 (-0.33) PCGS3000 ® $71,306.53 (-64.72) We do our best to provide precise spot prices; however, during times of market volatility, prices may not be to-the-minute accurate. Jun 17, 2019 · Step 1: Magnet test – Canadian silver coins are not magnetic, so anything that jumps on the magnet can be set aside. Step 2: Obverse sorting – look at the obverse (heads) side of the coin. Using the portraits (shown below) you can quickly sort the coins into date ranges – way easier than squinting for the dates at this stage initial sort ... World Coins. Archiving 88,614 records from 254 auctions added in the last six months. Get access to the full database of 2,073,894 records with CoinArchives Pro.We currently buy at $1,487.93 Beautiful 1 oz Gold Canadian Leaf Coin of a various year. Each coin comes in Brilliant-Uncirculated condition and contains .9999 (24k) fine gold. 376 Shares Product Description The Canadian Gold Maple Leaf is the official bullion gold coin of Canada.40 - 99. $982.80. 100+. Call for pricing. (1) The Royal Canadian Mint introduced the gold Maple Leaf coin in 1979, seven years before the US Mint began minting US Mint coins, like the American Eagle. Today the gold mint coin is sold worldwide to investors who appreciate the iconic Maple Leaf design, the purity and the tradeability it offers.value than posted in Canadian Coin Values listings. The 1 to 70 numerical scale is used to describe the con-dition of a coin. The 1 to 70 scale is now in common usage Canada SuperLeaf. .999 silver. Sell for $26.69. Maple Leaf Silver Coin. Canada Silver Dollar 1966. Sell for $17.79. Sell for $6.19. Canada Superman Silver Coin. Peregrine Falcon Silver Coin. Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] Find the current Canada values by year, coin varieties, and specific grade. Having a face value of 5 dollars and featuring a sugar maple leaf on the reverse, this coin is known for quality and technical innovation, and although the design has largely remained the same over the course of the 30-year lifespan of the series, slight changes and dramatic technological improvements have continued to evolve. This silver coin is the most recognizable annual release from the Royal Canadian Mint. Featuring the iconic sugar maple leaf, this 1 oz. coin has been Canada's equivalent to the renowned Silver Eagle Series by the U.S. Mint. Having a face value of 5 dollars and featuring a sugar maple leaf on the reverse, this coin is known for quality and technical innovation, and although the design has ...Answer (1 of 8): There's not much difference - besides Government. And actually the Maple May be more pure. Let me see, yup the Maple is .9999 or 24k. The Eagle is 22k which is .9167 BUT again it still is guaranteed to have a Troy oz of gold for that denomination even though at 22k. So just the...1-16 of 684 results for "canadian coin books" RESULTS Checklist and Record Book of United States and Canadian Coins by Whitman Publishing | Mar 2, 2021 63 Paperback $995 Get it as soon as Tue, Aug 30 FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon More Buying Choices $6.61 (5 used & new offers)Loading...Cards: Coins & Bills. Match the illustrations of coins/bills to the word names and the numerical money amounts. Count American coins with these printable worksheets. Includes pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, as well as paper money. Learn about the Canadian provinces and territories with these maps, games, worksheets, and projects.Drag and drop each keyword next to its definition.. Nickel - 5 Cents, Dime - 10 Cents, Quarter - 25 Cents, Loonie - $1.00, Toonie - $2.00.2. Place the coins in a solution of dish soap and water. Create a solution in a small bowl mixing water from your faucet and dish soap and dip each coin in the bath individually. Put the coin between your index finger and your thumb and softly rub dirt from the face of the coin. You should see the dirt begin to come off. houses for rent in columbia sc We look at 10 extremely valuable Canadian coins worth money. We look at Canadian pennies, nickels, dimes and other coins to look for in circulation. For more...Here is the list of the top 10 rarest 50p coins in circulation. Do you have one? Check your change! Coin name plus (circulating mintage) Kew Gardens 50p (210,000) Football 50p (1,125,500) Wrestling 50p (1,129,500) Judo 50p (1,161,500) Triathlon 50p (1,163,500) 2018 Peter Rabbit 50p (1,400,000) Flopsy Bunny 50p (1,400,000) Tennis 50p (1,454,000)Canadian Gold Coins Overview Canada is a land of scenic beauty and has an abundance of natural resources. Many of Canada's gold coins are designed to honor the nation's rich landscape, its wildlife and its heritage. ... These coins carry a face value of $200 (CAD) and are considered good, legal tender. These coins are some of the purest ...Coins Select Argentina Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Colombia Costa Rica Croatia Czech Republic Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Germany Greece Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Mexico New Zealand Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland...Canadian silver coin values based only on total silver value and weight. Does not include any copper value or weight. Resultant values will be rounded to two or more decimal places depending on length. * In 1967, some of the Canadian dimes and quarters were minted in 80% silver while the remainder were minted in 50% silver.The varieties are few in this series but they're extremely valuable, just remember grade of the variety is still a factor in value. You have the famous 2000-P Cheerios Dollar with a value of $3,500 in MS63, the 2000-P Wounded Eagle at $285 in MS63 and the (2000) Mule with State Quarter reverse at $40,000 in MS63.Although rises in silver prices killed Canadian silver circulation coins, they have also made them worth far more than their face value. For example, a 1950 twenty-five cent coin is worth roughly $2.50 today. That's 100 times it's face value!Given the out of control global debt situation today, the fundamental reasons that started the precious metals rally in 2001 are very much in play. If you have questions or would like to speak with one of our Austin Advisors, just give us a call at 1-800-928-6468. Buying Opportunity: Low Mintage Silver Bullion Issues.It is the 22 karat 1976 canadian 100 dollar gold coin and I was wondering what it's value would be to you to buy. Thanks, Terry . Answer / Reply: Hello Terry, The 1976 Canadian $100 gold coin comes in a couple different forms and karats. 1976 was the year of the Montreal Olympics and there were many Olympic coins were produced in both gold ... riverside funeral home "With a high value domain name like Privacy.com, it's important to use a registrar that you trust. We can sleep at night knowing that Namecheap is keeping our asset secure." Bo Jiang, CEO, Privacy.com.The Canadian Silver Maple Leaf coin is one of the most popular silver coins in the world. These silver bullion coins contain one troy ounce of .9999 percent fine silver and carry a face value of $5 CAD. The coin features the iconic maple leaf design as well as a portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.Most significantly, in 1964 … No Canadian 1 cent or 50 cent coins were minted in 1889, and the 5, 10 and 25 cents are all scarce No Canadian 1 cent or 50 cent coins were minted in 1889, and the 5, 10 and 25 cents are all scarce. ... Its Value 1944 pennies minted at the San Francisco mint have the mintmark "S" under the date This is ...This list of most valuable coins is dynamic and based upon the many thousands of United States coins found in our database (updated: 2022). As of now our database consists almost entirely of coins from 1880s-2022, as we wanted to focus mostly on coins that were readily accessible and possibly still in circulation.Find the current Canada values by year, coin varieties, and specific grade. HOME PAGE Encyclopedia US Coin Melt Values Coin Melt Calculators Most Valuable Coins. Half Cents 51. Half Cents 51 Liberty Cap 1 Draped Bust 19 Classic Head 25 Braided Hair 6. Large Cents 385. Large Cents 385 Flowing Hair Liberty Cap 1 Draped Bust 15 Classic Head 10 Coronet Liberty Head 180 Braided Hair Liberty Head 179.Canadian Small Gold Coins GoldPrice. WHERE THE WORLD CHECKS THE GOLD PRICE Holdings 1,669.75 +3.22 +0.19% JM Bullion Premier Online Gold Bullion Dealer Best Gold Prices in United States Buy Gold Bars & Coins 24x7 United States Shop Online! Best Gold Price Buy Gold in USA Buy Gold in UK Buy Gold in Canada Canadian Small Gold CoinsHalf Cents 51 Liberty Cap 1 Draped Bust 19 Classic Head 25 Braided Hair 6 Large Cents 385 Flowing Hair Liberty Cap 1 Draped Bust 15 Classic Head 10 Coronet Liberty Head 180 Braided Hair Liberty Head 179 Small Cents 14067 Flying Eagle Cent 101 Indian Head Cent 2439 Lincoln Wheat Cent 7508 Lincoln Memorial Cent 3644 Lincoln Shield Cent 375 inova my chart Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] The 100 kg, .99999 pure gold bullion coin with a $1 million face value was originally conceived as a unique showpiece to promote the Mint's new line of 99999 pure 1 oz Gold Maple Leaf bullion coins. The coins were manufactured at the Mint's Ottawa facility. ... The Charlton Catalog of Canadian Coins lists the original mintage of this coin at ...Here is the list of the most rare and valuable Canadian Coins: Canadian Coins worth money chart #1 - 1911 One Dollar piece (CAD 735,000) - PCGS SP-64 Pattern There are only two silver examples known of this Canadian coin dollar, with only one of these in private hands.We currently buy at $1,487.93 Beautiful 1 oz Gold Canadian Leaf Coin of a various year. Each coin comes in Brilliant-Uncirculated condition and contains .9999 (24k) fine gold. 376 Shares Product Description The Canadian Gold Maple Leaf is the official bullion gold coin of Canada.Each coin comes in Brilliant-Uncirculated condition and contains .9999 (24k) fine gold. 376 Shares Product Description The Canadian Gold Maple Leaf is the official bullion gold coin of Canada. Year of the Tiger - 2 oz. Pure Silver Coin with Jade Insert and Selective Gold Plating. $324.95 CAD . Silver 2022 Mintage 2,888.Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] top cryptocurrencies with Crypto.com, where you can find real-time price, coins market cap, price charts, historical data and currency converter. Bookmark the Price page to get snapshots of the market and track nearly 3,000 coins.Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] Match the given value with the correct coin picture or name. Questions in this first grade Canadian money activity are presented in multiple-choice format and drag-and-drop format. As students progress through the math game, they will become confident and proficient in identifying Canadian coins by their names, values, and images.They have a composition of .950 copper, .040 tin, .010 zinc. Coins from 1876-1901 (Dominion of Canada) weigh 5.67 grams with a diameter of 25.4 mm They have a composition of .955 copper, .030 tin, .015 zinc. With the large production of coins in 1859, this denomination was not issued between 1860-1875. It took until almost ten years after ... uwhealth1000 mulesClawcoins Well-Known Member. In 2001 Canada had this Hologram gold coin. Mine is still in the original capsule. being right on the Canadian border we used to get a lot of canadian money as general change. The stores around here used to accept a Canadian quarter equal to a US quarter. In the past 5 years though many places stopped accepting ...Coinhunters.cc is the world's best crypto voting and marketcap platform for new coins. Find the next 100x DeFi, NFT, Meme and community coins.Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] The value of the pound itself was unchanged by decimalisation. The new coins were initially marked with the words NEW PENNY or NEW PENCE. The word "new" was dropped in 1982. The first decimal coins were circulated in 1968. Decimal British coins price guide and values. View the 250 last updates of British coins values. Back to top.1907 $10 Rolled Rim MS66 PCGS. View Item Auction Info. Sold for. $810,000. 04.10.2020. Top 10 Trophy Coins for the Elite Collector. Coin collecting can be a hobby for everyone, starting with affordable Wheat Cents and going all the way up to the rarest and most expensive pieces. However, it takes time and dedication to collect the ...The list of US coin types for which this data is ready can be found a few paragraphs below, under the heading "United States Coin Value Tables Now Available". Simply click any link to be taken to your area of interest. All information is viewable for free. United States Coin Value Tables Now Available. Flying Eagle Cents 1856-1858.*** Check out our easy-to-print guide. on silver coin values including Canadian silver coins . Table based on August 12, 2022 live precious metal prices: Silver $20.84/oz 0.49.Price Guide of Coins from Canada with the guiding value of all the years and grades. ... Value: Decimal. 1 Cent (1858-2003) 5 Cents (1858-1967) 10 Cents (1858-2004) ... The Maple Leaf gold coin is an investment standard, but the Royal Canadian Mint also produces collectible coins that coin collectors love. These include but aren't limited to the Superman v. Batman 14kt gold coin, the Canada 150th Voyageur gold coin, and coins from the O Canada Series featuring Canada's national wildlife.However, it remains on 46,642 watchlists. DigitalCoinPrice gives a current Pi coin price of $0.0070771900 and lists a max supply of 2,941,130. It previously held a Pi coin price prediction for 2025 of $0.0211516743, and a Pi coin prediction for 2028 of $0.0319333504, but it now mysteriously appears to have removed all of its Pi Network price ...Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] peppermill restaurant Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] (4) The Canadian Silver Maple Leaf 1 oz is a pure silver coin so value is easy to figure. (5) The Royal Canadian Mint designed a plastic tube which holds 25 coins and snaps shut so storage is convenient. The Canadian Mint also supplies a virtually indestructible 37 pound Monster Box which holds 20 tubes (500 coins).Remember that the prices are just a guide, a starting point for asserting value. Some PCGS coins sell for less than the prices listed and some PCGS coins sell for more than the prices listed. COINS UNDER $10. For coins valued at under $10, even when graded by PCGS, the price listed is the value of non-graded (i.e., "raw") coins.Canada 80% Silver Coins - $5 Face Value Roll - Dimes. $72.81. Any Quantity. Canada 80% Silver Coins - $10 Face Value Roll - Quarters. $137.82. Any Quantity. 1982 Canada Silver Dollar Proof (Bison Skull) $14.99.This list of most valuable coins is dynamic and based upon the many thousands of United States coins found in our database (updated: 2022). As of now our database consists almost entirely of coins from 1880s-2022, as we wanted to focus mostly on coins that were readily accessible and possibly still in circulation.Buy Royal Canadian Mint Silver Coins and Bars at Provident Metals. Free Shipping & Fast Delivery. Call 800-313-3315 or visit online! Gold-8.60. Silver $18.99-.15 ... adding to their value. In fact, coins maintain more value than non-numismatic rounds and bars because of their limited production and collectibility. This also makes Canadian ...In Canada a dime is a coin worth ten cents. It is the smallest (in physical size) of the currently issued Canadian coins. According to the Royal Canadian Mint, the official national term of the coin is the 10 cent piece, but in practice the term dime is universal. Value Range Similar Items in Stock verizon fios store Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] Answer (1 of 8): There's not much difference - besides Government. And actually the Maple May be more pure. Let me see, yup the Maple is .9999 or 24k. The Eagle is 22k which is .9167 BUT again it still is guaranteed to have a Troy oz of gold for that denomination even though at 22k. So just the...Contact Details. 1072 Laskin Road, Suite 202 . Va. Beach, VA 23451 USA. Call: (757) 656-1055. Email: [email protected] Coins in picture is what will be sent. 10 Oct 18, 2021 · Australian Gold Coins.But some 2020-W quarters are worth more.2021.8.9. · Below is a list of other key dates and rarities in the series. Steps Leading to Value: Step 1: Date and Variety - Accurately. Check out the World Price Guide on NGCcoin.com for Australia 2 Cents values. It's easy ...These pieces are regarded as legal tender in Canada and carry a face value of $50. They are composed of 99.99% pure gold, so the value greatly exceeds the face value. At the current market, a 1 oz gold coin is worth $2000+ Look up your coin according to its date and origin, and you may be able to find its current value. [2] A number of factors (including condition and current demand) impact the amount a coin can actually be sold for, so use the value you find online only as a ballpark figure. 4. Consult a coin value book.Cards: Coins & Bills. Match the illustrations of coins/bills to the word names and the numerical money amounts. Count American coins with these printable worksheets. Includes pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, as well as paper money. Learn about the Canadian provinces and territories with these maps, games, worksheets, and projects.World Coins. Archiving 88,614 records from 254 auctions added in the last six months. Get access to the full database of 2,073,894 records with CoinArchives Pro.Set 2022 Canada Oscar Peterson Colored & Non-Col Dollar Loonie Mint UNC $1 Coin $3.46 $2.26 shipping or Best Offer 209 sold 2022 CANADA $ 2 TOONIE UNC COIN FROM WINNIPEG MINT ROLL - combined shipping $2.63 $1.05 shipping Complete Set of 8 2022 Canada Coins i/c 2 Oscar Peterson Loonie Mint UNC Queen $15.81 $5.27 shipping or Best Offer 57 soldSome Rare Old Canadian $1 Bills May Now Be Worth $7,000. Hopefully, you held on to them. In Canada, when the old dollar bills were discontinued in 1989, some people held onto them hoping they would be worth a lot of money someday. Well, the good news is that those people may not have been so crazy. Old dollar bills CAN be worth a lot of money.Buy Royal Canadian Mint Silver Coins (Maples, Wildlife, etc) from Silver.com - the bullion market leader. Fast & secure shipping. Call us at 888-989-7223. ... Sold for face value, this series of commemorative coins began in 2011 with the Maple Leaf coin and a mintage of 200,000. The coin sold out so quickly that it prompted the RCM to up the ...Canadian coins at Calgary Coin Gallery. Menu: 1 cent 5 cent 10 cent 25 cent 50 cent Dollars Nfld, Maritime Tokens World Coins ... you will be able to use it to get a general feel for the values of many Canadian coins. To accurately value your own coins you need to understand striking and grading standards which can be confusing the people who ...Jun 17, 2019 · Step 1: Magnet test – Canadian silver coins are not magnetic, so anything that jumps on the magnet can be set aside. Step 2: Obverse sorting – look at the obverse (heads) side of the coin. Using the portraits (shown below) you can quickly sort the coins into date ranges – way easier than squinting for the dates at this stage initial sort ... We are proud to announce that Coins.ph is the official Crypto partner of the Philippine Basketball Association. Learn more. Coins Academy: Your guide through the cryptoverse. Beginner guides, practical tips, and market updates for first-timers, experienced investors, and everyone in between. ac hotel santa rosaShop Canada's biggest bookstore! Find bestselling books, toys, fashion, home décor, stationery, electronics & so much more! Plus, free shipping and pickup in store on eligible orders.In Canada a dime is a coin worth ten cents. It is the smallest (in physical size) of the currently issued Canadian coins. According to the Royal Canadian Mint, the official national term of the coin is the 10 cent piece, but in practice the term dime is universal. Value Range.Canada Loon Dollar 1987 to Date. A loon is a Northern diving bird that frequents Canadian lakes and lets out blood-curdling cries leading to the popular phrase 'crazy as a loon.'. Unencumbered by the loon's reputation, Candian officials authorized minting of loon dollars in 1987. These coins are made of nickel and are plated with aureate-bronze.Coinhunters.cc is the world's best crypto voting and marketcap platform for new coins. Find the next 100x DeFi, NFT, Meme and community coins.2021 Canada $5 1/4-oz Silver Moments to Hold: Arms of Canada Modified Gem Specimen. Qty: Add To Cart. $19.95 As Low As $19.36. Availability: In Stock.In other words, FDV represents the future market cap of a project once all possible tokens have been issued provided the price of the token remains the same as of today. How FDV is different from Market Cap? Market Cap can be termed as the current market value of a blockchain project.The list of US coin types for which this data is ready can be found a few paragraphs below, under the heading "United States Coin Value Tables Now Available". Simply click any link to be taken to your area of interest. All information is viewable for free. United States Coin Value Tables Now Available. Flying Eagle Cents 1856-1858. best buy renoJun 17, 2019 · All of these coins are 80% silver, and most years sell for melt value. Keep watch for the 1948 dollar in particular. This rare coin is usually worth over $600 and one in specimen condition is worth thousands. Young Elizabeth: ~50% of the coins we see. All of these coins are 80% silver and are very rarely worth more than silver value. Compare cryptocurrencies by market capitalization and find out what price your crypto coin would have with another crypto's market cap. One of the simplest tool to calculate if your cryptocurrency is undervalued or overvalued. Access current data for your cryptocurrency and see price history with...Rare coin values. Rare coin prices. Rare Coin Price Guide Basic Price Guide and Values for US Rare Coins, Gold Coins and Silver Coins. Note: The listed prices are indications of the coin marketplace only, are not offers to buy or sell. Prices will fluctuate due to many factors, and an individual set may trade for more or less than the range given.IRCTC Next Generation eTicketing System...32-year-old Canadian with a passion for the internet, websites and online marketing since 12 years old. A creative businessman that has had the pleasure of working with brands for over a decade. He is a believer of crypto, and the positive difference it makes in society.Your coins are modern reproductions of the 50-cent coin issued in 1937. It was the first coin to feature Canada's Coat of Arms, which was originally adopted 100 years ago (1921) by proclamation of King .... Rare 50p Coins Value List Use this list of the rarest 50 pence coins to match and value the 50p coins you find in your change. The price ...Find the current Canada values by year, coin varieties, and specific grade. A coin from doers for doers. Sapphire coins (SAPP coins) will be used in the real economy as a stable means of payment and will be issued only to trustworthy partners who bring added value to the project. The SAPP developers are aware of the frustrations of early tech adopters and fruitless ICOs and IEOs. suspension bridge ontario xa